Root Canal Treatment Steps Advantages And Disadvantages
What Is Root Canal?
The root canal treatment is used by a dentist or an endodontist to solve problems related to the soft core of the teeth, the dental pulp. The dental pulp lies underneath the white enamel & dentin, inside your tooth. Teeth with diseased pulp were removed in the past, but now the root canal treatment is employed where the dentist removes the injured or diseased pulp & the nerve ends & then cleans & seals the inside of the tooth.
Problems Solved By Root Canal Treatment
Bacteria & other debris can cause infection or abscessed tooth when the tooth’s nerve tissue or pulp is damaged. It resolves issues such as pain, swelling, tenderness to touch & chewing, discoloration of the tooth, sensitivity to hot or cold food & beverages, drainage & tenderness in lymph nodes & nearby gum tissues & bone.
Steps And Description
- The X-Ray is examined & local anesthesia is administered. The endodontic spots a little defensive sheet called a ‘dental dam’ over the sector to remove the tooth and keep it neat and clean and free of salivation during the process.
- In the crown of the tooth, an opening is made. The pulp from the pulp chamber & the root canals is cleaned & the space for filling is shaped using tiny instruments.
- With a biocompatible material, the endodontist fills the root canals after space is cleaned & shaped. It is usually a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. The dentist places gutta-percha with an adhesive cement so that the complete sealing of the root canals is ensured. A temporary filling is positioned to close the opening in most of the cases. Before the root is restored, the temporary filling is removed.
- The dentist must be visited after the final visit with the endodontist so that the crown & other restoration can be placed on the tooth. A post may be placed inside the tooth to hold the recovery in place if the tooth lacks sufficient structure.
- Root canal therapy is virtually painless because anesthesia & sedation are administered to the patient.
- Root canal treatments have higher chances of success.
- The spread of the infection is prevented & the formation of the abscess is halted in the infected tooth.
- It prevents jawbone degeneration & other side effects of missing teeth.
- It restores the ability to bite & chew food without any pain.
- Crowns look appealing & almost function like natural teeth.
- Root canal requires less time than a tooth extraction.
- The teeth will no longer be vital after a root canal procedure is performed. Thus, it will be brittle & prone to fractures although post & porcelain crowns can be used for reinforcement.
- The root canal procedure is much more expensive than the tooth extraction. When you are going through an excruciating toothache, the tooth extraction will relieve you of the pain without needing too much money.
- A root canal is much more challenging to perform than a tooth extraction. The procedure requires few hours & multiple sessions.
- Discolouration & darkening of the treated tooth is common problems.
- Infection may occur if the final restoration is not completed soon.
Risks Involved In The Procedure
- Development of an abscess or ulcer at the root of the tooth if infected material remains behind or if the antibiotics are not sufficient.
- If the damage is too deep or the enamel is too fragile to withstand the procedure, it may lead to the loss of the tooth.
- A breakdown of the inner sealing material over time allowing the tooth to be contaminated by bacteria again.
Retreatment can be successful in case of these problems, but sometimes, endodontic surgery is required to save the tooth. The most common surgical procedure consists of apicoectomy or root-end resection. The infection in the bony area around the end of the tooth can be relieved if not wholly eradicated, by the process. The gum tissue is opened, and then the infected tissue gets removed & the very end of the root is removed. A filling might be placed to seal the root canal during the procedure.
After-Effects Of The Treatment
The after-effects of the root canal treatment are mostly positive, but the care of the teeth is to be taken by regularly brushing & flossing them. The treated tooth might feel sensitive due to natural tissue inflammation if there was pain or infection before the procedure. The sensitivity can be controlled with medications such as naproxen & ibuprofen. It is advised that the consumption of extremely hot & cold food & drinks should be avoided during this time.
The infected tooth can be saved if a timely visit is paid to the endodontist or the dentist. According to Dr. Claudia Wood, a Danforth Dentist, proper care must be taken after a root canal surgery to restore the tooth to its normal condition.